AGRICULTURE & ECOLOGY
Lushoto District is located in the West Usambara Mountains in Tanga Region in the North East of Tanzania. The Usambara Mountains is habitat of a huge biodiversity and the area has been covered by natural rainforests before the first people settled in the 18th century. Today most of the rainforests have been removed and there are only about 10% left which are kept as a Natural Reserve by now.
Climate change, water shortages and a decline of biodiversity are serious problems in the District and make the living conditions of people difficult since the majority of the people are engaged in agricultural activities and most of the people in the area are depending on subsistence farming. Besides this there are a variety of other challenges which have to be tackled in order to improve the living situation for the people in Lushoto District.
One of the major obstacles for development is the high population density and growth in the District. As a consequence land scarcity is getting a big issue in the area. In combination with the consequences of climate changes (deforestation, water scarcity, decline in biodiversity, soil-degradation …) and the economic pressure on farmers to make a living and generate income through farming activities these trends are indicating the need for an effective land-, water- and ressource management in the area.
The biggest center within the District is the District capital Lushoto town which has around 20 000 inhabitants. In the whole of Lushoto District there are around 500 000 people living of which around 45% are male and 54% are female. Another phenomenon which weakens the rural communities is the migration of men between 18 and 40 years to the bigger cities within Tanzania to look for work since the employment opportunities are very rare.
TUPANDE Usambara Lushoto’s objective in the area of agriculture and ecology is
to achieve food security and stable living conditions of all households in the District through promoting integrative and sustainable methods of agriculture, improvement of resource management and awarenessraising for ecological responsibility.
We started a project cooperation with one of the villages which are on our multiple-day-tours where we Support the inhabitants with buliding up tree nurseries and tree-planting activities. We further started a cooperation with the Primary School where we implement envivonmental education Workshops in cooperation with the school’s teachers and local experts.
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Our plan is to further develop cooperations between our Organisation and local village initiatives in order to promote ecological restoration and the awareness about sustainable ressource management and conservation of biodiversity in the area.